Muhammad Umer Farooq, Zhicheng Tang, Rui Zeng, Yuanke Liang, Yujie Zhang, Tengda Zheng, Hla Hla Ei, Xiaoying Ye, Xiaomei Jia, Jianqing Zhu*
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture（IF=2.379），2019，99(6):2892-2900
Selenium is an indispensable trace element for humans and its deficiency can lead to serious health complications. Nearly 70% of the area of China faces selenium deficiency. To deal with this problem, selenium‐enriched rice has been increasingly incorporated into everyday diets. However, there is a lack of in‐depth studies of the absorption, translocation, and transformation of selenium in the different parts of the rice plant when sprayed with sodium selenite.
Foliar sodium selenite applied at critical growth stages can significantly improve the total and organic selenium content of plants. Application of 10 mg L−1 sodium selenite led to the most organic selenium (0.03 mg kg−1) in polished rice. Correlation studies of sodium selenite applied to leaves and other plant parts showed that total selenium accumulated most in glume, followed by rice bran, then polished rice, and finally embryo. The behavior of organic selenium was different. Organic selenium accumulated most in polished rice, then embryo, then rice bran, and finally glume. Moreover, 75–85% of the Se found in polished rice and embryo was organic in nature.
We propose that 10 mg L−1 sodium selenite can be recommended as appropriate for foliar fertilization in the organic selenium biofortification of Se‐free rice. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry