Rui Zeng, Yuanke Liang, Muhammad Umer Farooq, Yujie Zhang, Hla Hla Ei, Zhichen Tang, Tengda Zheng, Yang Su, Xiaoying Ye, Xiaomei Jia, Jianqing Zhu*
Environmental Science and Pollution Research（IF=2.80），2019，26, 17834–17844
Selenium (Se) is a vital element which leads to strong antioxidation in animals and humans. However, the mechanism underlying natural cereal Se–induced biological changes is not well understood. This study intended to explore the gene differential expression in naturally aged mice exposed to selenium by RNA-Seq technique. A total spectrum of 53 differentially expressed genes was quantified in mice heart tissues treated with Se-rich and general rice. The GO functional annotation of differentially expressed genes disclosed the enrichment of cellular process, ionic binding, biological regulation, and catalytic activity. One hundred twenty-three differential pathways (cardiovascular diseases, immune system, transport and catabolism, longevity regulating, and PI3K-AKT signaling) were identified according to KEGG metabolic terms. Afterwards, the effect of Se-rich rice on the antioxidant activity was assessed. The selenium-rich diet increased the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in mice serum and livers while significantly reduces methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) contents. FOXO1 and FOXO3 genes, which acted as the regulators of apoptosis and the antioxidant enzyme, were significantly enhanced in mice when fed with Se-rich rice. In short, the present findings disclosed the alluring insights of organic and inorganic selenium sources on certain biological processes and antioxidant activity of living bodies. However, long-term trials are still required to draw a definitive conclusion, including risks and benefit analysis for various management strategies.