Binhua Hu#, Weilan Chen#,Lianan Guo, Yulan Liu, Zhigang Pu, Guohua Zhang, Bin Tu,Hua Yuan, Yuping Wang, Bingtian Ma, Weitao Li, Junjie Yin, Xuewei Chen, Peng Qin*, Shigui Li*
Plant Science（IF=3.591）, 2020 , 298:110585
Leaf color is directly associated with plant photosynthesis. Here, we have isolated and identified a spontaneous rice mutant named yd1 that has yellowish leaves and dwarf stature. Map-based cloning reveals that YD1 encodes a previously reported kinesin protein from the kinesin-4 subfamily, BC12/GDD1. Arginine-328 is replaced by leucine in yd1, BC12328Leu. YD1 is mainly expressed in leaves and is involved in chlorophyll (Chl) synthesis. The yd1 mutant had less Chl and a reduced and disordered thylakoid ultrastructure. In yd1 plants, Chl biosynthesis and photosynthesis associated gene expression was decreased and Chl degradation gene expression was increased, thereby leading to a reduced photosynthesis rate and grain yield. In this study we reveal that the novel BC12328Leu allele of BC12 modulated plant leaf color in yd1 plants, which has not been previously reported in studies of BC12/GDD1/MTD1/SRG1. Gene knockout results indicated that YD1 regulates leaf color in the indica rice background, but not in the japonica rice background. Our study provides new insights into molecular regulation of rice growth by BC12/GDD1 in different genetic backgrounds.